Chen, Wu, Sun, and Yang are the most common forms of Tai Chi. In the 1950's a Taijiquan council gathered to develop a simplified style to share with the world. The Yang Style 24 was created, taking elements from a more complicated Yang form.
This is the form I focus on in my classes. Along with learning the postures in different combinations, I focus on relaxing, breathing deeply, cultivating positive energy, moving slowly and deliberately.... and laughing freely.
Yang Style-24 Postures
What is Tai Chi?
Tai Chi, Tai Chi Chuan, Taijiquan... Which is it?
All name forms of the art is correct. Taijiquan, translated as Grand Ultimate Fist, can also be called Yin-Yang Boxing. Taiji refers to the balance, interaction, and interdependence of Yin and Yang in the Universe. Quan means fist, or boxing, and is used to refer to anyof the hundreds of Chinese Martial Arts.
Tai Chi Chuan is an older but more commonly known spelling for Taijiquan.
Taiji or (Tai Chi) is the term typically used when we refer to the health benefits and/or philosophy rather than the martial art aspect of the whole Taijiquan.
Mind and body in harmony in the tune with the natural order of things is the core of Tai Chi. By practicing this in everyday life, one can harmonize their internal energy, thus finding inner peace and connect themselves to the Universe.
The philosophy applied to fighting (external martial arts) results in moving WITH the opposing force until it has become exhausted. Using direct resistance would prolong the conflict, and exhaust the defender, giving the attacker additional opportunities to harm.
Influenced by the therory of Yin and Yang (The Original Principle-- Natual balance in all things, a Taoist practice)
Stillness and Movement
Advancing and Retreating
Inhaling and Exhaling
Sunrise and Sunset...
For more information about the differences between the Wade Giles English Translation and the Pin Yin coding of the term Taiji visit here: http://www.feeltheqi.com/articles/rc-languaging.htm